According to the World Health Organization, every day road crashes kill almost 3,400 people; every year they injure as many as 50 million more.  Road crashes are the number one cause of child injuries, and the second leading cause of death for children aged five to fourteen.  And the burden of this public health crisis is overwhelmingly borne by the poor: over 90 percent of road traffic fatalities occur in low- and middle-income countries. 

Unsafe roads are a major factor contributing to the large number of road crash deaths and injuries.  In the developing world, many roads are built without basic safety features like pedestrian crossings for children going to school.  We believe this needs to change.




The 3-Star Coalition is a group of like-minded organizations working to build a healthier world by advocating for the design and construction of safer roads in the developing world. Specifically, we advocate for roads in developing countries to be built to a minimum three-star safety standard for all road users.  We urge organizations such as the World Bank to adopt this standard. Moving to a 3 star minimum standard will save lives, avert crippling injuries, and provide substantial economic returns.  We see safer road construction as part of a comprehensive systems approach that also includes e.g. improved enforcement of road safety laws, public education, and strong national leadership on road safety.




The International Road Assessment Program (iRAP) is the main global organization that assesses roads for safety; iRAP has developed an engineering-based system for rating the safety of a road on a scale from one to five stars, considering the safety of all road users, including pedestrians, bicyclists and motorcyclists in addition to that of vehicle occupants.  iRAP has determined that a three-star rating for all road users is economically viable and should be implemented on all road projects.  According to iRAP, every additional star can reduce the number of crash-related injuries on a road by approximately half.

US Congress Sends 3-Star Letter to the World Bank

Forty-nine members of the US Congress have written to World Bank President Jim Kim urging him to implement a three-star minimum safety standard on all roads the Bank finances.  The World Bank, which is the largest provider of development aid for roads, currently does not require a minimum safety standard for the roads that it finances.  The bipartisan congressional letters (one letter signed by 41 members of the House of Representatives and a second letter signed by eight members of the Senate) urge President Kim to implement a mandatory three-star minimum as a measure that “…would make a major and lasting contribution that will save people’s lives, greatly reduce disability and injuries and enhance economic growth.”  The members of the 3-Star Coalition thank these Members of Congress for taking this important stand. 





AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, USA

AAPCTIC, Algeria

AIP Foundation, Vietnam

Alinagnon, Benin

Ambassadeurs de la Sécurité Routière, Tunisia

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)

American Highway Users Alliance (AHUA)

American Public Health Association (APHA)

American Road & Transportation Builders Association (ARTBA)

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

American Traffic Safety Services Association (ATSSA)

AMPROUD, Morocco

Association des Familles de Victimes des Accidents de la Circulation (AFVAC), Cameroon

Association for Safe International Road Travel (ASIRT), Kenya

Association for Safe International Road Travel (ASIRT), USA

Association Zeina Hauch Pour La Promotion Routiere, Lebanon

Associazione Italiana Professionisti Sicurezza Stradale (AIPSS), Italy


Avoid Accident, India

Bank Information Center (BIC)

BKA Auto Club, Belarus

The Canada Safety Council

Center for Road Safety, India

Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh

Chariots of Destiny, Kenya

Child Injury Prevention Alliance

Children & Young People Living for Peace, Nigeria

Concern for Road and Pedestrian Safety (CoRPS), India

Dr. Aleksandra Barac, Serbia

Eastern Alliance for Safe and Sustainable Transport, UK

European Federation of Road Traffic Victims

FIA Foundation

Fund for Global Health

Globastorm Safety Foundation, Nigeria

Highway Safety Initiatives, Nigeria

Indian Federation of Road Safety

Indian Head Injury Foundation

Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)

Instituto de Etica Comportamento no Transito, Brazil

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)

International Federation of Pedestrians

Irish Road Victims Association

Kosovo Association of Motorization, Republic of Kosovo (

Kunhadi, Lebanon

La Prevention Routiere Internationale (PRI), Netherlands

Luchemos por la Vida, Argentina

Madres del Dolor, Argentina

Medical Doctors Inter-Community Health Initiative (MICHI-AFRICA), Nigeria

Mexico Previene AC

Mobilité Club Maroc, Morocco

National Association of Women Highway Safety Leaders (NAWHSL)

National Automobile Club of Azerbaijan (AMAK)

National Peace Corps Association (NPCA)

Nigerians Unite for Road Safety

Organisation des Jeunes Ivoiriens pour la Securite Routiere, Ivory Coast

Pamoja Road Safety Initiative, Kenya

Parachute, Canada

PeerCorps Trust, Tanzania

People's Trust, India

Private Sector Road Safety Forum of Namibia

Project C.A.R.E.S., Philippines

Road Accident Information and Rescue Organization, Nigeria

Road Safety Supporters Society, Iran

Road Transport and Safety Agency, Zambia

Roads for Life, Lebanon

Safe Crossings, Netherlands

Safedrive Africa Foundation, Kenya

Safe Drive Save Life, India

Safe Kids Malaysia

Safe Roads to Health, Ethiopia and U.S.

Safety Beyond Borders, Nigeria

Save Life Liberia

Save the Nation Association, Ethiopia

Shubhamsoti Foundation, India

Smart Drivers Organization, Kenya

Society of Road Safety Ambassadors, Botswana

South Africans Against Drunk Driving (SADD)

Swatantrata Abhiyan, Nepal

TRAX Road Safety NGO, India


Uganda Red Cross

Vision Zero Network

Youth for Road Safety

Zahara Batool, Pakistan

Zambian Road Safety Trust




You can help build a world with safer roads.  Please contact us, and we will add your name to the list of those who want a world with safer roads.  We will keep you updated on the activities of Coalition and actions you can to take to advocate for a 3-Star minimum safety standard for all roads built in the developing world.